Benny Carlson, Professor emeritus of economic history at Lund University, Sweden. His main research interests are the history of economic ideas – particularly the spread of ideas between Germany, the United States and Sweden – economic policy and the economic integration of immigrants. He has published twenty books and close to a hundred articles on these issues. He has been a friend of Jan-Urban Sandal for more than thirty years. Benny is an Honorary Senior Fellow of Fil. Dr. Jan-U. Sandal Institute.